IEP and 504 Plans

What is the difference between an IEP and a 504 Plan?


Both plans area designed to provide accommodations and support to children who need it while in school. Even though in many ways these two plans are very similar, there are some very distinct differences to make note of as well.
Similarities:

Both provide a blueprint for the educational experience of a child

Both are at no cost to the parents

Both provide a list of accommodations and services that will be needed for the child

Both address the needs of the child brought on by a form of a disability

Both create a list of needed accommodations for the child

Parental consent is required for both plans

Both plans address ways for parents to resolve discrepancies found with the school and the accommodations being provided

Differences:

An IEP is part of Special Education Services, a 504 plan is not

An IEP applies under IDEA, a 504 plan is part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

To qualify for an IEP a student has one or more of the 13 specific disabilities listed in IDEA and the disabilities affect the child’s educational performance, a 504 plan has a broader definition of a disability and can be applied to students who are able to continue in a general education classroom and don’t qualify for an IEP

An IEP has very strict rules and requirements for who can create the plan, the 504 plan is much less specific and can make the evaluation

An IEP is very specific, sets goals, ensures progress, and spells out the accommodations needed, the 504 plan spells out the accommodations but is not standardized

AN IEP must be reviewed at least once a year, a 504 plan is to be reviewed as needed or more often depending on the rules of the state

Understanding the differences between the two plans can help parents know what plan is going to best work for their child. Some students will benefit more from an IEP than a 504 plan while others will perform with only minimal accommodations to ensure they can enjoy the learning environment of the general education setting.

What is an IEP?

An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a legal document which is designed to completely spell out the learning plan, needs, progress expected and accommodations a child will receive in order to improve their learning capabilities throughout the school year. An IEP is a legally binding document and requires the school to provide everything it promises in the document.
By law an IEP must include:

A Statement of the child’s present level of performance (PLOP) – how the child is currently performing in school

The child’s annual educational goals

Special education support and services that the school will provide to help the child reach their goals

Modifications and accommodations the school will provide to help the child make progress

Accommodations the child will be allowed when taking standardized tests

How and when the school will measure the child’s progress toward the annual goals

Transition planning to help prepare teens for life after high school

An IEP is part of the special education process and is necessary for students to receive needed special education services through the school. Not all students who struggle with school will necessarily be approved or require and IEP. There are two actions that must be taken in order to qualify a child for an IEP; an evaluation and a decision. The evaluation is conducted by an IEP team after consulting with parents, teachers, a counselor or a doctor who may see the child is struggling to keep up in school. The decision to implement an IEP is done with an IEP team made of up parents and school officials who decide the child needs and will benefit from the use of special education services through the use of an IEP. The evaluation and decision making process can be lengthy in nature and take time to implement, but once an IEP is in place, the child is to be afforded all accommodations spelled out in the IEP by law.

What is a 504 Plan?

A 504 plan is an alternative method of offering accommodations to students who do not qualify for an IEP. This type of plan falls under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and prohibits discrimination against students with disabilities who are able to learn from and participate in the general education curriculum. A 504 plan outlines measures taken to accommodate children and remove barriers to learning for children who need accommodations but can still perform in a general education setting.
Because Section 504 defines “disability” in very broad terms those who don’t qualify for an IEP may qualify for a 504 plan. Section 504 defines a person with a disability to be a person who:

Has a physical or mental impairment that “substantially” limits one or more major life activity

Has a record of the impairment

Is regarded as having impairment or a significant difficulty that isn’t temporary.

Qualification for a 504 plan requires an evaluation which can be initiated by the parent or the school. Before the school can initiate the evaluation they must receive permission from the parent to conduct a 504 evaluation.
With no standard 504 plan required by law each school district handles these plans a little differently from each other. The following should be included in a 504 plan in order to ensure the child will be able to succeed and have their needs met:

Specific accommodations, support or services

Names of the school professional that will provide each service

The name of the person responsible for ensuring the 504 plan is implemented

In general a 504 plan can provide a wide range of accommodations and services including specialized instruction, physical accommodations, speech therapy, occupational therapy or counseling. As a much less detailed plan than an IEP, a 504 is much simpler to implement and works to give parents a peace of mind their child will be accommodated as needed.

 

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